There are four conditions that can cause acne, namely:
- Excessive sebum production. Sebum is a substance Produced by oil glands to stop dry skin.
- Blockage of hair follicles. Acne appears when The hair follicles are obstructed by a combination of dead skin cells and sebum.
- Bacteria. Propionibacterium acnes can develop And clog hair follicles, and trigger inflammation.
- Hormones. Excessive androgen hormone activity Can lead to acne.
Clogged follicles can swell and form white Blackheads or discoloration when subjected to the external world. This condition should not be underestimated since it can develop into pustules, papules, Nodules, or even warts, if contaminated with bacteria.
Acne Risk Factors
There are several factors that can increase a Person’s risk of acne, for example:
- Hormonal changes. 80 percent of cases of acne in girls Occur as a result of hormonal changes at particular times, like before menstruation, the First 3 months of pregnancy, or because of PCOS.
- Puberty. At puberty, testosterone action will increase. Consequently, the oil glands produce greater quantities of sebum than the skin needs.
- Descendants. Someone from a family with problems With acne is more vulnerable to experiencing acne.
- Friction of the skin with items, for example Pimples on the face because of too frequently wearing a head covering, pimples on the Neck due to the use of clothing that is too tight on the collar, or acne on The back as a result of regular use of backpacks.
- Stress. Although stress does not cause acne, it Can worsen present acne conditions.
- Take medications, like the use of lithium, corticosteroids, or anticonvulsant drugs.
- Use of makeup.